Other tourist attractions in Czech republic...
1. PLZEŇ /duration cca 5 hours by car - 55 miles SW of Prague/
Plzeň (more familiar in the German form Pilsen), the largest city in Bohemia after Prague
and an important industrial and economic centre / brewery established 1842, Škoda works 1869).
The town founded by King Wenceslas II in 1295. Situated at the junction of the the trade routes
from Regensburg, Nuremberg and Saxony to Prague, the town soon prospered. Pilsen also gave
the Czech lands their first printed books, the 1468 Trojan Chronicles. Town’s real boom was
brought by industry, thanks to Emil Škoda, who in 1859 began a complex of factories that became
the most important munition works in Austria - Hungary. If you are an American, or speak English,
being in Plzeň in May is quite an experience. May 6 th 1945 marks when General S. Patton‘s 3rd
Army Corps 5th Division was forced to halt his advance after liberating the area, thanks to
Allied agreement to stop. Anxious to capitalize on its beer heritage, and always happy to
celebrate, Plzeň has started its own OCTOBERFEST, called Pivní slavnosti.
In Plzeň, near of monument of liberation of US Army is second largest synagogue in Europe,
operating again. There is option combined visit of town with a excursion in brewery Pilsen
Urquel /see Special trips and excursions/.
2. PÍSEK /duration cca 5 hours by car - 67 miles S of Prague/
The name is inspired from panning for gold in river sand, is first mentioned in a document
issued by Wenceslas I in 1243. The stone bridge, main attraction of this town, is oldest
preserved stone bridge in Czech Republic nowadays, is a national cultural heritage monument
and true jewel of the town. The historical centre is unique example of well preserved
middleage and Renaissance civic architecture monuments.
3. Jindřichův Hradec /duration 9 hours by car - 96 miles SE of Prague/
This beautiful towns is located on the very southern end of the Czech - Moravian Highlands,
near the border of Austria /for that reason is a option visit this town on the way to
Vienna - see European chauffeur driven tours for more detailes/. The walls of this town stand
out over the Vajgar pond, one of the oldest manmade bodies of water in the country. The
monumental chateaux complex, the oldest walled town, and extensive medieval outer town, together
form an impressive panorama. The castle /chateaux complex in Jindřichův Hradec is the third
largest in the Czech Republic, after Prague Castle and Český Krumlov.
OTHER OPTIONAL PLACES TO VISIT
Region: Southern Bohemia
Altitude: 385 m / 1263 ft
České Budějovice, (German name Budweis), the old town surrounded by beautiful parks and
gardens, has many handsome old buildings, mostly dating from Renaissance and Baroque periods.
The first horse - drawn railway in Europe, between České Budějovice and Linz in Austria, began
to operate in 1828. In the centre of the old town is Přemysl Otacar II square, surrounded by
charming Renaissance and Baroque houses and belong to most grandiose historical Renaissance
squares in Europe.
The town has expanded greatly since Second World War and now has variety of industry in the
newer districts, including engineering, enamel production, woodworking and paper products
(Hardtmuth’s Koh-i-noor pencils have been made here since 1874) and foodstuffs. The town is also
noted for its beer - Budwar (the original Budweiser beer) and Samson - which has been brewed
here since 1894.
Region: Southern Moravia
Altitude: 201 m / 659 ft
From its beginning Kroměříž was held by the bishops (from 1107) and archbishops (from 1778)
of Olomouc, who after the town was burned down by the Swedes in 1643 rebuilt it as their
magnificent summer residence. In 1848 - 1849 the Austrian Parliament (with the participation
of Czech politicians) met in the Archbishop’s Palace and gave the Habsburg monarchy a new
constitution. For its beauty is Kroměříž called "Florence of Moravia". The Baroque Archbishop’s
Palace, built by Bishop Liechtenstein - Castelcorno in 1664 - 1695 on the site of an earlier
castle and restored after a fire in 1752. The palace, richly appointed and decorated with
frescoes, contains a fine library (some 40,000 volumes, including valuable early medieval
manuscripts) and archives, with a number of documents almost a thousand years old and a
collection of coins and medals. Its great glory, however, its the picture gallery, the finest
in the country after the National Gallery in Prague. In main concert hall of the Baroque
Archbishop’s Palace wer also shot some scenes of famous Miloš Forman’s film "AMADEUS" in 1983.
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