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500 BC Celts in Bohemia. Joined by Germanic Marcomans in 1st century AD

6th century Slavs settle allongside Germanictribes in Bohemia

7th century Legendary birth of the Přemyslid dynasty (prophecies of Libussa and the plougman, her next husband Přemysl), which was to reign until 1306

8th century Tribes of Czechs settle in central Bohemia

863 St Cyril and St Methodius bring Christianity to Moravia

870 Prague Castle founded
880 The Czech Duke Bořivoj (grandfather of St Wenceslas) is baptized by Bishop Methodius

921 Wenceslas becomes Prince of Bohemia

929 or 935 Václav (Wenceslas) is mordered by his brother, Boleslav. Wenceslas later became the country’s patron saint

995 The ruling Přemyslid kings capture Libice Castle, and thereby succeed in unifying Bohemia

1085 Vratislav II is crown first king of Bohemia

1306 The last of Přemyslids, Wenceslas III (1305-1306), was murdered at Olomouc at the instigation of his Polish enemies

1348 The Universitas Carolina is founded in Prague

1356 Charles IV’s Golden Bull proclaimed the Czech State’s absolute independence from Empire, and made the King of Bohemia the first lay Elector of the Empire

15th century a crisis of state leads to the Hussite movement

July 6, 1415 John Huss dies at the stake in Constance

1517 Luther starts to preach reform

1526 The Habsburg dynasty succeeds to the throne of Bohemia - the formation of multinational empire

1556 Jesuits arrive in Bohemia

1583 - 1611 The Court of Rudolf II attracts learned men and artists to Prague, including astronomers Tycho de Brahe and Johan Kepler, painter Giuseppe Arcimboldo and composer Filippo di Monti

1618 Defenestration of two royal governors from Royal Palace

1620 Battle of the White Mountain
1627 Beginning of Counter - Reformation committee in Prague

1648 Swedes occupy Prague Castle. Treaty of Westphalia and of Thirty Year's War

1740 Accession of Empress Maria Theresa

1773 Jesuits Order dissolved

1784 Four towns of Prague united to form a single city

1787 Mozart staysvat Bertramka preparing for the premiere of Don Giovanni at the Easted Theatre

1805 Czechs, Austrians and Russians defeated by Napoleon at Battle of Austerlitz

1848 Uprising of people of Prague against Austrian troops

1914 The Archduke Francis Ferdinand is assasinated at Sarajevo, WW I begins

28.10.1918 Czechoslovakia become an idependent republic. Tomáš Garig Masaryk first democratically - elected President

15.3. 1939 German troops march into Prague; city declared capital of Nazi Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

1945 Soviet Army enter Prague on 9th May; US Army liberated Pilsen and South and West Bohemia

1948 Communist Party assumes power under Klement Gottwald; announces 89% in May elections

1968 Head of Communist party Alexander Dubček adopts the programme of liberal reforms nown as "Prague Spring"

21.8. 1968 Warsaw Pact occupies Czechoslovakia and over 100 protesters are killed as troops enter Prague. The country was subjected to a strict régime of normalization and, with the former GDR, become one of the most conservative members of soviet bloc. The divorce between power and opinion was deep - seated.

1979 Playwright Václav Havel founds Commitee for the Defence of the Unjustly Persecuted and is sent to prison

1989 Year of "Velvet Revolution": growing civil discontent prompts demonstrations and strikes. Havel unites oposition groups to form Civic Forum. Temporary Government of National Understanding promices free elections; president Husák resigns and Václav Havel sworn in by popular demand

1990 First demokratic elections for 60 years held in June, producing 99% turnout with 60% of vote of Civic Forum and People Against Violence

1992 After parliamentary elections in 1992 there was a movement in favour of the dissolution of the federation, and the Czech and Slovak prime ministers then agreed that the dissolution should place on January 1st 1993
1.1 1993 The Czechoslovak state which had existed for 74 years was divided into independent states, CZECH REPUBLIK and SLOVAK REPUBLIK

The Crown Jewels of the sovereign Bohemian monarchs - symbol of the royal past of the Czech state.


 Ing. Petr Kronát
 Heritage Travel
 Tusarova 5/1260
 tel.: +420220802286
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